While there are many types of glaucoma, most versions occur when excess fluid (called aqueous humor) builds up in your eye. This build-up increases the internal pressure of your eye and potentially damages your optic nerve, resulting in tunnel vision.
If glaucoma is not diagnosed and treated, it will continue to reduce your field of vision until you become blind.
Types of Glaucoma
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It occurs when the aqueous humor is unable to drain properly because of a blockage in the eye’s drainage system. This is believed to gradually increase pressure within the eye, potentially damaging the optic nerve. There are treatments available to prevent or halt optic nerve damage and sight loss, but early intervention is critical.
Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma
Acute angle-closure glaucoma is rare and occurs when the drainage angle in the eye becomes blocked or closes completely. If the iris is pushed too far forward from a growing lens, the gap between the iris and the cornea becomes very narrow, preventing the aqueous humor from draining.
This type of glaucoma typically occurs without warning, and symptoms can include:
- Sudden blurring of vision
- Eye pain
- Intense headache
Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a severe ocular emergency. If you experience the symptoms listed, you should seek medical attention immediately. Call our office and request an emergency appointment or proceed to the nearest emergency room.